The most common hardy succulents are separated into two main types: Sempervivum and Sedum. These plants are low maintenance, can tolerate temperatures as low as -20F, and will tolerate periods of extended droughts. Sempervivum grow as beautiful rosettes in an assortment of patterns and colors. Sedum also known as stonecrop are trailing varieties that offer lovely ground cover, they can also be used in rock gardens, and hanging baskets.
If planting outdoors make sure they receive lots of light. They can be planted in full – to partial sun. If planted indoors make sure to place your plants in a sunny window or under grow lights. All succulents grow best in well draining soil. While they do not require fertilizer, you can fertilize in the spring to assist with growth. Use a low nitrogen fertilizer.
The biggest culprit that kills succulents is over watering. To make sure this does not happen to your beautiful plants make sure that you give your succulents a deep soak then let the soil fully dry before watering again. This will also help with promoting good root health. Pots with drainage holes are the best option, however if you do not have draining holes make sure your pot has a good layer of crushed rock at the bottom. Just be careful with watering to avoid standing water that can cause the roots to rot. Younger plants will require more frequent watering to promote root growth.
During the winter months a good layer of snow will protect your plants from winter exposure but you can also cover your plants with a layer of mulch. Succulents go through a dormant period during the winter months and will require less water. Only water when the soil is fully dry. Plants in smaller containers may need to be watered more frequently than a larger one.
Like all plants, succulents are not resistant to pesky pests. The most common is the Mealybug, which is very easy to control. If you notice an infestation on your succulents, first quarantine your plant. You want to avoid them spreading. Next use a Q-tip with 70% isopropyl alcohol and and apply on the leaves of the plant. As an alternative you can use a spray bottle with the alcohol.
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